Español - Spanish Français - French Deutsch - German Italiano - Italian Português - Pourtugese             
   About Agra
   How to Reach Taj Mahal
   History Behind the Taj
   The Complex
   Architechture of the Taj Mahal
   Taj Mahal Mosque
   Mumtaz Mahal
   Monuments in Agra
   Inside the Taj Mahal
   Fairs and Festivals in Agra
   Other Heritage Sites in India

Home | About us | Contact us | Taj Photo gallery | Money convertor | Distance calculator  


History Behind the Taj Mahal

The story of Taj Mahal is inseparable from the life of Mumtaz Mahal who was the chief queen of Shahjahan. Prince Khurram, as Shahjahan was known before he became the Mughal emperor. He was a handsome twenty-year-old man, when he was betrothed to Mumtaz.

Prince Khurram had been married twice before he met and married Mumtaz Mahal. Mumtaz bore him 13 children and accompanied him wherever he went. Soon after Taj Mahal's completion, Shah Jahan was deposed and put under house arrest at nearby Agra Fort by his son Aurangzeb.

He spent the remainder of his days gazing at the Taj Mahal from the jail. Upon Shah Jahan's death, Aurangzeb buried him in the Taj Mahal next to his wife. By late 19th century, parts of Taj Mahal had fallen badly into disrepair.

Protective wartime scaffolding during the time of Indian rebellion of 1857, Taj Mahal faced defacement by British soldiers and government officials, who chiseled out precious stones and lapis lazuli from its walls. At the end of 19th century British viceroy Lord Curzon ordered a massive restoration project, completed in 1908. He also commissioned the large lamp in interior chamber, modeled based on one in a Cairo mosque. It was during this time the garden was remodeled with British looking lawns that are visible today.

In 1942, the government erected a scaffolding in anticipation of an air attack by German Luftwaffe and later by Japanese Air Force. During the India-Pakistan wars of 1965 and 1971, scaffoldings were erected to mislead bomber pilots. Its recent threats came from environmental pollution on the banks of Yamuna river and Mathura Oil refinery.

In 1983, Taj Mahal was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.


Taj Mahal Holidays
   Taj with Yoga
   Taj with Forts of Rajasthan
   Taj with Kashmir
   Taj with Heritage tour of Rajasthan
   Taj with footsteps of Buddha
   Taj with Backwaters & houseboat
   Taj with Sacred Ganges
   Taj with Tiger
   Taj with Erotic Khajuraho
   Taj with Other heritage sites
   Taj with Pushkar
   Taj with Romantic Kerala
   Taj with Goa
   Taj with Mumbai
   Taj with Kaziranga
   Taj with Ancestral roots
   Taj with Mathura & Vrindavan
   Taj with Golden Temple
   Taj Mahal with Hampi
   Taj Mahal with Varanasi
  Taj mahal with wedding
Distances From Agra
Taj Mahal Tours
   Delhi (203 km)
   Khajuraho (393 km)
   Lucknow (363 km)
   Sikandra (10 km)
   Varanasi (577 km)
   Mathura-Vrindavan (58 km)
   Gwalior (118 km)
   Jaipur (232 km)
   Same day Trip to Agra by Train
   Same day Trip to Agra by Car


History behind the Taj, Tajmahal India, History of Taj, Taj Mahal History, Tajmahal Indien, History tour of India, Historical tour of India, Heritage tour of India